Use to represent “and.”
Used to indicate the omission of one or more letters in a word, whether unpronounced, as in o’er for over, or pronounced, as in gov’t for government; to indicate the possessive case, as in man’s; or to indicate plurals of abbreviations and symbols, as in several M.D.’s, 3’s.
Used to mark a major division in a sentence, to indicate that what follows is an elaboration, summation, implication, etc., of what precedes; or to separate groups of numbers referring to different things, as hours from minutes in 5:30; or the members of a ratio or proportion, as in 1 : 2 = 3 : 6.
Used for indicating a division in a sentence, as in setting off a word, phrase, or clause, especially when such a division is accompanied by a slight pause or is to be noted in order to give order to the sequential elements of the sentence. It is also used to separate items in a list, to mark off thousands in numerals, to separate types or levels of information in bibliographic and other data, and, in Europe, as a decimal point.
Used to note an abrupt break or pause in a sentence or hesitation in an utterance, to begin and end a parenthetic word, phrase, or clause, to indicate the omission of letters or words,to divide a line, to substitute for certain uses of the colon, and to separate any of various elements of a sentence or series of sentences, as a question from its answer.
Used to indicate an omission or suppression of letters or words.
Exclamation Mark !
Used in writing after an exclamation. Sometimes used in writing two or more times in succession to indicate intensity of emotion, loudness, etc.
Used at the end of a complete declarative sentence.
Parenthesis ( )
Used to set off additional information.
Question Mark ?
Used to indicate a direct query.
Quotation Marks ” ”
Used to indicate the beginning and end of a quotation. And for a quotation within a quotation, of single marks of this kind, as “He said, ‘I will go.’ ”
Used to indicate a major division in a sentence where a more distinct separation is felt between clauses or items on a list than is indicated by a comma, as between the two clauses of a compound sentence.